How To Treat Sick Fish With Metronidazole Treating Goldfish with Metronidazole
Dustin: What up, fish tank people? FishTankTV ,Dustin's Fish Tanks, bringing it to you on a Wednesday. Today was my last day at thesuit and tie wrap, cleaner than a bar of soap. And I gotta tell you, I was balling like alittle baby 20 minutes ago leaving there because I poured myself into that place, but now Iam trying to pour myself into some fish tank tutorials for you all. I got the medical expert,Steve, over here and we want to talk about something that we got going on today withmy awesome, ohsoawesome goldfish that I got going on down in here. I put him down in this bucket because he wasn'tacting right a few days ago. I got him on
Saturday and he was just kind of sitting aroundin the tank and he wasn't very active. He also had a kind of odd shape in the back.His roundness in the back was a little odd. One part was flat and the other part was kindof rounded, so it led me to believe that there was something up. He also just came from Godawfulconditions at Pet Smart. I've got no love for their tanks. I have no love for what theyhave going on. He wasn't schooling and acting right like these guys are. So he is down here in the bucket and whatI have been doing is feeding him with metronidazole. Steve is the medical expert here, so I amgoing to pass the mic to him.
Steve: So you got the SeaChem brand of metronizadole.It is an antibiotic that they use on people. It kills certain bacteria and parasites, butonly certain kinds of bacteria. In particular, it kills anaerobic bacteria. I don't knowif you paid attention in microbiology class. Dustin: Science, baby, drop the science. Steve: They are bacteria that do not use air.So if you got a low air environment, they also grow a lot in the gut. Dustin: And that's what we think happened. Steve: Right. Dropsy effects a lot of thesefish. You get these bloated bellies, they
get constipated and bacteria overgrows inthe gut. So what we are trying to do is kill the bad bacteria,get the gut functioning welland give the fish a chance to heal up. So Dustin did a good job here. Goldfish willeat a lot of veggies. This is crushed peas, thawed out, frozen peas and it doesn't getsimpler than that. 99 cent peas. Dustin: It is not rocket science. Steve: Yes, it is not rocket science here.They love veggies. So you want to keep your fish. Dustin: Hold on, we got to keep rolling here.So what we did, I took the little spoon thing
in thereâ€”open, that up for me if you would,my manâ€” Steve: Sure. Dustin: I just want to show what I did. Now,I took that little crack spoon there and put half a scoop with the peas. Follow the instructions,don't overdose, and I put it in here and I have been letting it sit. I have been lettingit sit for a while because I want it to absorb. The goal here for me is to get this into theguts of the fish. I want them to eat it, so if I had some garlic then I would sprinklesome garlic on it. Y'all that have been watching for a long timeâ€”like back in January of2010â€”I did a tutorial about rainbow fish. They
got ich and then they got internal parasites.This is how I treated them. I lost a few during that battle, I saved a few during that battle.This is the way I really recommend doing it. Steve: Metronidazole does not treat ich. Dustin: No, absolutely. Let me clarify. Aftermy fish had ich and were done with ich, they got another kind of parasite. Separate treatment,separate thing. Good call, good call. Good save. So we had them in there (points to fishtank), I ended up treating them with that, but I didn't treat them enough. So what youwant to do is follow the treatment. This says to treat for five days and I believe thisis day 3. What I want to do if you can scoop
Parasites Malaria Toxoplasmosis Cryptosporidium Protozoa Metronidazole Mebendazole
Distinguished future physicians welcome toStomp on Step 1 the only free tutorials series that helps you study more efficiently by focusingon the highest yield material. I'm Brian McDaniel and I will be your guide on thisjourney through Parasites. This is the 2nd tutorial in my playlist covering all of microbiologyfor the USMLE Step 1 medical board exam. We are going to review the most important parasitessuch as malaria, various GI protozoa, Toxoplasmosis and Pinworm as well as some high yield treatmentoptions for these diseases. Parasites are organisms that live in or ona host. These organisms gain some sort of survival advantage (such as gaining nutrients)while their presence is often detrimental
to the host. Parasites usually don't killtheir host, but can cause disease if the parasite burden is high enough.For the exam, the most important group of parasites is Protozoa. These are microscopicunicellular eukaryotes that are usually motile. They move using a tail or foot like processes.Different species have a predilection for living in different parts of their human host.The most important protozoa for the USMLE Step 1 medical board exam are Malaria, Babesiosis,Toxoplasmosis, Cryptosporidium, and Giardia Lamblia. We will cover each of them individuallyin this tutorial. The other main group of parasites that causedisease in humans is the Helminths or worms.
However, these are largely low yield materialso we will just briefly cover this group towards the end of the tutorial. We will start with Malaria, which I give ahigh yield rating of 4 on a scale from 1 to 10 based on a number of factors includinghow frequently this topic appears in retired step 1 questions. Malaria is a disease caused by the PlasmodiumProtozoa that is transmitted by Mosquitos. The most common species are Plasmodium Falciparum,Plasmodium Vivax, Plasmodium Ovale, and Plasmodium Malariae. Each of these has slightly differentcharacteristics, but for the most part these
differences are beyond the scope of StepThere is a very complex life cycle, but learning all of those details isn't necessary forthe exam. When inside a human host these parasites mainly reside inside red blood cells.ally, malaria presents with reoccurring cycles of spiking fevers and chills with othernonspecific symptoms like headache and sweating. These â€œattacksâ€� are interspersed withperiods of complete remission. The paroxysmal symptomatic periods of differentspecies of malaria occur at different frequencies, but in general the attacks occur every coupledays or so. Symptoms occur when mature schizonts ruptureerythrocytes releasing immature merozoites.
Anemia may be present due to this ruptureof red blood cells. The question stem almost always mentions recenttravel to a place like Africa or Latin America as Malaria is not endemic to the United States.One interesting correlation is that Sickle Cell Trait offers some resistance to certainmalaria species. This is why sickle cell trait and disease is much more common in area wheremalaria is endemic. Sickle Cell trait actually gives a survival advantage due to its antimalarialproperty. A peripheral blood smear will show enlargedRBCs with numerous small parasite â€œdotsâ€� on Giemsa stain
Here is a picture of the histology. You don'tneed to be able to identify specific stages or species, but on the left we have matureschizonts containing merozoites and on the right you can see ring shaped trophozoites Antimalarials are a class of medication thatcan be used prophylactically to prevent malaria, used to treat identifiedsuspected malaria,or used to periodically treat populations in endemic areas.The most commonly used antimalarials are Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, Mefloquine, Primaquine.Quinine is primarily used for severe cases of malaria. Doxycyline also has some actionagainst malaria and is most often used for