Is A Vaginal Yeast Infection Caused By Bacteria
Hi, Eric Bakker, naturopath, author of CandidaCrusher with another female FAQ. Is a vaginal yeast infection caused by bacteria? No, a yeast infection is caused by yeast andnot bacteria. There's a clear difference between them both. So bacterial infections generallycause a condition called bacterial vaginosis. Candida albicans causes a condition calleda vaginal yeast infection or thrush. So there's a clear distinction between them both. Yeast infections are reasonably normally occurringin many women to a very minor degree where they don't really provide strong symptoms.And quite a high degree of women have Candida
albicans normally in the tissues in that partof the body. Some have more; some have less, but when it becomes a problem is when it'sovergrowing; it over proliferates. Bacteria are usually kept in check in thatarea, and there are bacteria that live in that part of the body, too. Corynebacterium,for example, are quite commonly found in vaginal tissue in the lining there of the vagina.And they don't usually cause a problem. Lactobacillus species are in there as well, beneficial bacteria.Other bacteria, however, are associated with vaginosis and particularly BV, or bacterialvaginosis. I've spoken about this previously. It causes more of a gray, profuse, watery,a fishy briny sort of discharge; whereas the
vaginal infection is a different infectionaltogether. Both can create an itch, and a vaginal itch is more incessant and can driveyou crazy compared to the bacterial vaginosis. Getting checked out is important here, sogo to your gynecologist or and ask to be swabbed and checked out, so you knowwhat you're dealing with then you can treat it accordingly. You can read a lot more about these conditionsin my book, Candida Crusher, particularly Chapter 5 on chronic vaginal infections. InChapter 3 under diagnosis, I go into great detail more so about the different types ofvaginal infections and inflammations. You
can read a lot more about this. I talk aboutthe medical treatments in my book, the natural treatments, and give you lots of solutionson how to deal with this problem. So be sure to get a copy and have a good read there. So vaginal yeast infection is caused by yeastand not bacteria, so I hope that answers your question. Thank you.
Parasites Malaria Toxoplasmosis Cryptosporidium Protozoa Metronidazole Mebendazole
Distinguished future physicians welcome toStomp on Step 1 the only free tutorials series that helps you study more efficiently by focusingon the highest yield material. I'm Brian McDaniel and I will be your guide on thisjourney through Parasites. This is the 2nd tutorial in my playlist covering all of microbiologyfor the USMLE Step 1 medical board exam. We are going to review the most important parasitessuch as malaria, various GI protozoa, Toxoplasmosis and Pinworm as well as some high yield treatmentoptions for these diseases. Parasites are organisms that live in or ona host. These organisms gain some sort of survival advantage (such as gaining nutrients)while their presence is often detrimental
to the host. Parasites usually don't killtheir host, but can cause disease if the parasite burden is high enough.For the exam, the most important group of parasites is Protozoa. These are microscopicunicellular eukaryotes that are usually motile. They move using a tail or foot like processes.Different species have a predilection for living in different parts of their human host.The most important protozoa for the USMLE Step 1 medical board exam are Malaria, Babesiosis,Toxoplasmosis, Cryptosporidium, and Giardia Lamblia. We will cover each of them individuallyin this tutorial. The other main group of parasites that causedisease in humans is the Helminths or worms.
However, these are largely low yield materialso we will just briefly cover this group towards the end of the tutorial. We will start with Malaria, which I give ahigh yield rating of 4 on a scale from 1 to 10 based on a number of factors includinghow frequently this topic appears in retired step 1 questions. Malaria is a disease caused by the PlasmodiumProtozoa that is transmitted by Mosquitos. The most common species are Plasmodium Falciparum,Plasmodium Vivax, Plasmodium Ovale, and Plasmodium Malariae. Each of these has slightly differentcharacteristics, but for the most part these
differences are beyond the scope of StepThere is a very complex life cycle, but learning all of those details isn't necessary forthe exam. When inside a human host these parasites mainly reside inside red blood cells.ally, malaria presents with reoccurring cycles of spiking fevers and chills with othernonspecific symptoms like headache and sweating. These â€œattacksâ€� are interspersed withperiods of complete remission. The paroxysmal symptomatic periods of differentspecies of malaria occur at different frequencies, but in general the attacks occur every coupledays or so. Symptoms occur when mature schizonts ruptureerythrocytes releasing immature merozoites.
Anemia may be present due to this ruptureof red blood cells. The question stem almost always mentions recenttravel to a place like Africa or Latin America as Malaria is not endemic to the United States.One interesting correlation is that Sickle Cell Trait offers some resistance to certainmalaria species. This is why sickle cell trait and disease is much more common in area wheremalaria is endemic. Sickle Cell trait actually gives a survival advantage due to its antimalarialproperty. A peripheral blood smear will show enlargedRBCs with numerous small parasite â€œdotsâ€� on Giemsa stain
Here is a picture of the histology. You don'tneed to be able to identify specific stages or species, but on the left we have matureschizonts containing merozoites and on the right you can see ring shaped trophozoites Antimalarials are a class of medication thatcan be used prophylactically to prevent malaria, used to treat identifiedsuspected malaria,or used to periodically treat populations in endemic areas.The most commonly used antimalarials are Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, Mefloquine, Primaquine.Quinine is primarily used for severe cases of malaria. Doxycyline also has some actionagainst malaria and is most often used for